Q-19 
      What should you do when you find one egg or more rolled out from the nest?  
  • If you witness the female rolling out the egg from the nest, do not place it back, just dispose it.
  • If you did not witness when the egg was rolled out from the nest, mark the egg using a black marker and take a chance by replacing it back in the nest, because sometimes some of the eggs or young's can roll out from the nest accidently when the female leaves the nest, sometimes when the male attacks the female trying to mate with her while she sits in the nest. If you find the marked egg rolled out from the nest again, dispose it.
  • If you find another egg (Not the marked egg) rolled out from the nest that means the female could not  incubate all the eggs or because she knows her capacity and she can not take care of all the young's when the eggs hatch, she sacrifices one egg or more to ensure the rest of the young's will live healthy.
  • Either way as soon as you find one egg or more rolled out from the nest and after you place it back to the nest, you must move the male to another cage to make sure that the rolled out egg was not caused by him. 

 Q-20
         Why do some canaries eggs hatch earlier or later than the due date ?
  • Usually it takes 14 days for the first laid egg to hatch, normally, around the time of 5:00 am on the day 14 .
  • Sometimes the first laid egg will hatch on the day (13 or 14), or on the day (16 or 17) .
  • The hatching due date controlled by how soon the hen incubate the eggs and how tight she sits. 
  • Some hens incubate the first laid egg as soon as its laid, and some will start the incubation after all eggs are laid.
  • Circumstances are the reason why some females start the incubation before or after all the eggs are laid.  
  • If the hen start the incubation as soon as the first egg is laid, it will lead the eggs to hatch one after the other with in a day between them, therefore causing the first hatched young size to be larger than the rest especially the last hatched young. The smallest young in the nest will not be able to reach his mother beak to receive food, or will not receive enough food while the rest of the young's stepping over him begging their mother for food. 

 Q-21
        Should i remove the eggs from the nest after each egg is laid and replace them with fake/plastic eggs to avoid early incubation ?  
  • Some hens will start the incubation as soon as the first egg is laid, in this case, all eggs will not hatch at the same day therefore, the young's size will not be equal.  In some cases, the smallest young/young's will not be able to reach over the oldest/bigger young's to receive food from the parents then day after day they will appear smaller than the normal size and they may die due to starvation.  To avoid this from happening, some breeders will remove the eggs from the nest few hours after each egg is laid and every time an egg is removed the breeder will place a plastic egg in the nest to avoid the hen from abandon the nest.  All the collected eggs will be placed in a safe and warm place and when all eggs are laid it's the time for the breeder to remove the all the fake eggs and place all the collected eggs back in to the nest to allow the hen start the first day of incubation. 
  • Some hens will start the incubation after all egg are laid.  In this case there is no need for the breeder to do all what was mentioned above. 
          What do i do when a hen start the incubation after each egg is laid ?
          I am against removing the eggs from the nest and why should i !!!!  As soon as i notice that one or more of the young's are bigger than the others, i will                 hand feed the smallest until their size become as the others and i will continue feeding them after that just as needed. 

 Q-22
        How many eggs a female canary able to lay in each nest cycle, and how do i know that she laid the last egg?  
  • The average number of eggs that a female canary will lay is four.  
  • A female canary may lay sometimes more than four eggs or less.
  • Canary egg color is lightest blue, a few tiny brown dots decorate the egg shell all around .  The last laid color is 
          different than the rest, it's darker blue than the other eggs and it has non or less number of the brown dots on
          it and in most cases it size is larger than the rest of the eggs. 

Q-23 
        Should i leave the male canary with his female in the same cage after she lay the last egg?
  • If the male canary shows any sign of threat toward the female and the nest he must be separated, keeping in mind to
          allow both pair able to see each others during the separation time because, some females will abandon the nest when
          their males kept away from them and in some cases they will not feed the young's, when the young's become two 
          weeks old, male canary should be moved back in to the same cage with his female to help feeding the young's. 
  • Male canary should be kept in the same cage with his female only during the breeding season if he did not cause any 
          threat toward her or/and toward the nest.
Q-24 
         Why do canary youngsters die a few hours after hatching ? 
  •  If all youngsters in the same nest died one after the other 12 to 16 hours after hatching, there is a big possibility it's starvation while they did not receive food from their mother on time .  

  • Sometimes the canary female feels a threat from the male when he becomes jealous and aggressive towards her and the youngsters. This causes her to stay setting on the youngsters most of the time to protect them, which is will lead her to starvation and the death of the young's. 
         To avoid this matter remove the male to another cage, then move him back with his female when the young's become 21 days old. 
  • Some females depend on the male to feed them while nursing the youngsters especially, the first week of hatching. So if the male has been removed from the cage or he was not but did not feed the female, it will cause the female to stay sitting on the youngsters being hungry then starving causing her young's death . sometimes she feels scared and worries about her nest sense the male was removed, Therefore she will be starving and her youngsters will starve then die hungry.
         To avoid this matter, keep the male with his female in the same cage all the time during the breeding season.
  • If the hen goes into full sleep mode she will smother her youngsters "unintentionally" while laying on them. To avoid this matter, I advise placing a "fake,false, plastic egg" in the nest with the newly hatched youngsters. The false egg will work as a barrier between the hen and the youngsters.
  • A barrier egg will not allow the hen body to settle in to the bottom of the nest and it will allow space to the young's to move around and breath. 
  • Sometimes a female canary feels a threat from the male while she is setting in the nest, even though the male is feeding her and not causing a threat towards her and towards the nest , its just her feeling by over worrying about her young's, this feeling causes her to stay setting on the young's which is will lead her to starvation then the death of the young's. 
  • Some females do not have enough knowledge about when and how to feed their young,s and does not know that they are supposed to feed their young's This matter can be caused genetically or breeding the canaries in most cases at in early age "one year old".

                 To avoid this matter breed your canaries when they become two years old to insure that they are mature enough physically and mentally.

                                                                  "Abandon the nest"
  Q-14 
            Why does a female canary abandon her nest? 

          There are different circumstances will lead a female canary to abandon her nest:  
  • During building the nest.
  • After she laid the eggs.
  • After her eggs have hatched.

          There are many reasons that could cause the canary female to abandon her nest:

  • Because the nesting material causes her to develop a rash .
  • Because the nest has mites .
  • Because her male has been moved away from her cage .
  • Because she became sick.
  • Because she has been attacked or harassed  constantly by her male or other canaries .
  • Because she has been bothered by the breeder frequently while she was setting in the nest. 
  • Because she is not comfortable with the location of the nest, if the nest was located under bright light,"Draft" or direct sun light, etc...... .
  • Because her nest has been relocated within the same cage from one corner to the other, or both male and   female including the nest has been removed to another cage.
  • Because the normal incubation time is over due .
  • A female canary will abandon the nest after building it and before she lay the eggs, when she recognize that she is mentally ready to lay eggs but physically she was not .


                                                                                                     Related canaries 
Q-15 
      Can I breed a pair of related canaries?
         Do not do it under any circumstances, it will lead the youngsters to be born with weak immune system 
         and they may born deformed .


                                                                                                     Crested canaries
  Q-16 
        Can I breed a crested male canary to a crested female? 

         Even though many breeders claimed that they had a successful result when breeding crested canary to a crested mate but my experimental was not .
  • Young's wear born with weak immune systems. 
  • Young's had unhealthy looking feathers. 
  • Some of the young's stay bald "no feathers growth on their head.
  • When the young's reached the age of three month, cysts started to form on the top of their baldy head.

 Q-17
       How many times should a pair of canaries mate to fertilize the eggs?  

  •  Some breeder's believe that a pair of canaries should mate at least one time before each egg is laid.
  •  Some breeder's believe that one time mating will be enough to fertilize all the eggs before they are laid.

                    I believe a canary male must mate with his female before each egg is laid .
         Note: Keep the male and female canaries together during the breeding season at all time especially, during the time of eggs laying.

 Q-18 
        Why does a canary female roll out one or more of the eggs from the nest? 

                 Canaries are not different than any other species, some of them are talented, some are very clean, some have good management, and some are not,  
           so a canary female could roll out one egg or more from the nest for the following reasons : 

  • Because she is smart enough to know that the rolled out egg is not fertilized.
  • Because she found out that the rolled out egg shell is thin,or brooking .
  • Because she knows her capacity, when she can not take care of all the youngsters when the eggs hatch, she sacrifices one egg or more to ensure the rest of the young's will live healthy, do not be surprise when you find one or more of the young's rolled out from the nest for the same reason.
  • Because the egg rolled out unintentionally when the male mated with female aggressively while she was setting in the nest .
Q-9
     Why canaries and birds in general use nesting material to build a nest? 

       In nature birds use nesting material to create the nest from scratch , all birds search thoroughly before they decide where to build their nest which will be            the safest and most comfortable place they can find.   Some types of birds chose to build their nests in a high point as tree or mountain, and some build it            on low areas.   All nests are built from all types of birds have almost the same shape from the inside where the eggs will be laid, but in a different size,                    width, height, depth and nesting material.  

      Since birds in the wild use nesting material to create their nest, why do we have to provide our "canaries" with nesting material when we already providing           them with a nests and nest pads which is enough to keep the eggs in the right position, then when they hatch, the youngsters will grow !!!!!!!!!!!!!

     So is it ok not to provide our canaries with nesting material ? No, it is not Ok.

     Why should we provide a female canary with nesting material ?
     1) When a canary female provided with nesting material, she will not be deprived from her instinct that God provided her with.
     2) When she is provided with nesting material she will feel comfortable, warm, and secured while she lays in the nest. 
          ask yourself this: Which way is more comfortable for you, To sleep always on a bed with a comfortable mattress and bedding, or to sleep always on                   the bare floor?
     3) Nesting material works as a excretion" poop" collector as a human baby diapers , if you look closely in a nest built perfectly, you will see it built from the               inside with the shape of the latter" V " or upside down half moon made as steps (layers) to collect the youngsters poop through their growing time.  The              first three days of  the young's life the first layer will collect their poop, then when they reach the age of one week the second layer will collect their poop as          well, etc....... until they reach the last layer which is the edge of the nest top when they are almost ready to fledged. 

          When the youngsters are ready to poop they back up pointing their vent to reach the highest layer they can
          reach to keep enough distance between them and between their poop because, they know by instinct it is
          harmful for them and to make it easier on their mother to collect it to keep the nest clean.
         A nest without nesting material will allow the poops to roll down onto the young's and it may get in their beak,
         their eyes and by touching their soft skin will cause it a serious pain and damages.
   4)  A female canary uses her beak to collect/clean her young's poops from the nest, and she may unintentionally, 
         swallows some of it , if the nest has no nesting material, it will cause the female to work harder to pick up more
         than normal numbers of poops from around and under her young's eventually, will cause her to become sick.
   5) When she is not provided with nesting material she will have no choice but to pluck her male feathers, her grown
         young's feathers and/or her own feathers to build a nest.
  6)  A nest with out nesting material could cause the young's to have a splayed leg's "as pictured" .

        The following pictures shows the steps of building a nest.....
​  








 Q-10
         Should male and female canaries be kept together in the same cage all year round?

         Male and a female canary should be kept together only during the breeding season, and should be separated after that.
         Canaries need a break during the molting season.  keeping a canary male and female together all year round will cause: 
  • Breeding delay.
  • This arrangement will not encourage the male to sing frequently as if he was separated.
  • Male could harm the female or kill her if she refuses to mate with him when he is ready to mate and she is not. 
  • female could lay unfertilized eggs if the male was not ready to mate.
      Hermaphrodite canary behavior

  • Hermaphrodite canary will not accept a mate, and it will stay single for the rest of its life. 
  • Hermaphrodite canary sometimes sings similarly to a none good singer normal canary male, therefor leading you in to thinking its a normal male.
  • Hermaphrodite canary sometimes acts similarly to a normal female , therefor leading you in to thinking its a normal female. 
  • Hermaphrodite canary hormone levels, in both sexes, will increase or decrease from time to time.
  • When the hermaphrodite canary (male sex side) hormone is in a higher level, it will act as a male. 
  • When the hermaphrodite canary (female sex side) hormone is in a higher level, it will act as a female.
  • Hermaphrodite canary song volume is low, notes are soft and not organized, sentences are short and not clear as a normal canary male song. 
          Its similar to a normal young canary practicing how to perform a song.
  • When the hermaphrodite canary acts as a male, singing is the frequent sign is showed.
  • When the hermaphrodite canary act as a female, building a nest is the frequent sign is showed.
  • Hermaphrodite canary may harm or kill any canary "male or female" when introduced to it.
  • Hermaphrodite canary will build a nest but will not lay eggs.
  • Hermaphrodite canary will sing but will not mate.
  • Hermaphrodite canary will accept courtship feeding with another canary, but it may attack the same canary that had a courtship feeding with, without a warning .
  • Hermaphrodite canary is Moody, and confuse when it comes to sex, it will lead confuse you and make you wonder !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Is it a male or female?

​                                                                                                                    Canary nesting material
Q-7
      What type of a nesting material do female canary prefer to use when building a nest ?

      Burlap strings........
         A female canary always prefer cotton and feathers but, allowing her to build the nest using only cotton will not be beneficial because, that can                                  cause the eggs sink down in to the bottom of the nest and become covered with the cotton .    

        I have tried almost every nesting material that we see around as, cotton strings, wool, silk, polyester strings, dryer lent, goat hair, dry grass and even                       nesting material sold at pet stores where you may find a canary for sale. I found that burlap strings is the best material and most canary females prefer             to use when building a nest, because each string has a lot of tiny hair help each string to sticks to the others as soon as the female rolls them in the nest,               burlap help to keep the nest warm, and it catches the youngsters poops and absorb their excretion, also it does not rolls around the young's or parents legs        and feet that can cause health problems .

Q-8
      What should you do before and after providing a female canary with nesting material ? 
  • Place the nest inside the cage corner located across from the cage front, canaries feels more safe and secured in corners .
  • Keep the nest two inches away from the cage walls to allow the female to turn around freely when rolling the nesting material . 
  • Usually female canary use almost 450 strings= 1 gm= 0.035 .oz  cut two Inches long to build her nest.
  •  strings can be 2 to 3 inches long, and it must be sanitized, then disposed after  each nest cycle.
  • Nest should be provided with a nest pad, nest pad must be washed and sanitizes or disposed after each nest cycle. 

  Place a hand full of burlap strings in the female cage and wait until she uses it to build the nest, then provide her with just
  two cotton balls the size of ping pong ball to be used as a soft cushion where the eggs will be laid.
  Note.... Cotton should be provided to the female canary after she uses all the burlap string provided.


                                                                                      "Breeding canaries"  

               I did not have enough knowledge or experience when I started canary breeding, I could not find the 
        help in most cases or the right answers for a lot of the questions I had, now and after many years of being a
        canary breeder, i have found the answers to most of the questions i had about these beautiful bird. 
        Learning about canaries will never end, there is always something new to learn about them days after day .  


                                                                   "Unfertilized eggs"
Q-1 
      What should you look for before breeding a pair of canaries to avoid them from producing un- fertilized/infertiled eggs ? 
  • Age: both male and female should not be less than one year old and not more than four years old.
  • Size: The canary's male size should not be over the female's size because, it will cause the female 
          to become overwhelmed by the male, leading her to collapse and not allowing their vents to reach
         during mating. 
  • Fat: Canaries should not have extra body fat especially, the male.   If his belly fat is
          above his vent level, as showing in picture, it will not be possible for his vent to reach the female's vent 
          during mating. 
  • Molting: Canaries must be done molting.  Their flight feathers (wings and tails feather quills (Pin) must be
         fully grown  (no blood in them).
  • Diet : Canaries must be provided with the six food sources categories to prevent producing infertilized eggs :
                     1) Water 2) Lipid 3) Carbohydrate's 4) Vitamins 5) Minerals 6) Protein .  
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Canary Breeding
                                                                                                     ​"Canary mating"
Q-2 
      How will i know that a male canary is ready to mate ?

  a- Sexual maturity : Male canary must reach the sexual maturity age, average "12 month old".
  b- Molting : Male canary must be done molting, and his feather quills should not have blood in them.
  c- Vent : Male canary vent must be popping out almost 1/4 of inch.
  d- Singing ........,

 When a male canary sings its indication to breed him as long as you take the three conditions mentioned 
 above in consideration, singing canary does not always mean that he is ready to mate. 

 Ask yourself ...Is it possible, a six month old male canary sings ready to mate? Absolutely not.
When a male canary sings when extremely ready to mate it means, his testosterone hormones level are increased in his body and in the brain area that is responsible for singing, at this time he will sings frequently, boldly standing up, moving his head from side to side, it will appear as if he is dancing, standing on the tips of his toes. 

Q-3
      How will I know that a female canary is ready for breeding ?

  •  When a female canary reaches the sexual maturity age and become ready to breed, will show signs or intentions
           by furiously shredding any available papers, or collecting any available material to build a nest.  Sometimes if 
           nesting material is not available, female canary will pluck her own tail, chest and wings feathers or/and other
           canary's feathers to be used as a nesting material .
  •  Female canary belly will start popping out as soon as the eggs start developing inside her then when she is ready to
          lay her an egg, her belly level will be  almost higher or almost equal with her chest level. 
Q-4
      Why will a mating canary male refuse many females, before settling with his only accepted female? 

1) Canaries are not different than other species, some canaries will have their own choice of picking a certain mate so,
     If the male already made up his mind about a certain female located around him in another cage, he may not except 
     any other female.
2) He may not except a female that was introduced to him for the first time when she is not ready for mating.
3) He may not except a female if she did not suit him, in some cases, even if she was in a breeding condition .
4) If the male personality is so territorial, he may consider the new female as a threat. 

Q-5
      Why will a canary female refuse a male introduced to her for the first time ? 
  1) Because she is not in a breeding condition .
  2) Because the male is not in a breeding condition .
  3) Because she still attached to her previously male regardless if he still around or not .
  4) Because she did not get enough time to adjust with the new male before moving him in to her cage.
  5) Because the new male was moved in to her cage after she completed building the nest, and almost ready to lay her eggs,
        in this case she may considered him stranger causing a threat toward her nest.
  6) Because she is attracted to another male located in other cage.
  7) Because the male did not suit her at all even if he was in breeding condition .
  8) Because it is a hermaphrodite canary. 

Q-6
      Why will a canary refuse any mate at all time ? 

                                                                  "Hermaphrodite canary" 
        Do not let Hermaphrodite canary fool you...........
  Hermaphrodite "In biology" is an organism that has reproductive organs normally associated with both male and female sexes .
  Hermaphrodite canary, is a canary that is born with both male and female organs "Sexes".
Q-11 
      Why do some male canaries destroy their females nest?  

           lack of attention received from the female will lead her male to destroy the nest. These males who behave with in this matter are attached to their females           on a high level they also can be protective, passionate, and kind to their females as long as they receive full attention and desire. 

  • When a female is focused on building a nest, Incubate the eggs, or feeding the young's it deprives her attention from the male and causes him to become jealous and aggressive towards her and the nest by pulling the nesting material out of the nest causing the eggs and/or the young's to roll out of the nest.
  • When the female get attracted to another male canary located in another breeding cage, that will cause her male to become extremely jealous and aggressive, to avoid this matter use a solid dividers between each breeding cage to not allow each pair to see each others.
  • Some times the male will harm the female while she is setting in the nest and refuse to leave it , when he believe its his time to share the incubation or nursing the youngs. 
  • Some males personality are aggressive, they just do not like to share a cage with a female for long time, so they like to be alon.(troublemakers).
  • Small breeding cage could cause the canary male to become inactive, bored, and stress while the female setting in the nest, these feelings could cause him to think of something to keep him busy, so, he has no options but to pull the nesting material, break the eggs,  attack the female and/or the young's. 
  • Vitamin E overdose or unnecessary multivitamins provided may cause hormones complication in the canaries system leading to excessive aggression .     

Q-12
      Do both canary male and female nurse their youngsters?

                  The female canary nurses the youngsters from the day they hatch until they can depend on themselves.
          Throughout this time the male helps feeding the female while she sits on the young's but she cannot 
          depend on him completely, she leave the nest to eat, drink, and stretch as well. In most  cases, when
          the young's becomes younger or older than two weeks old, both male and female share the task of feeding them.  
  • The female is capable of nursing the young's with out the help from the male from the day they hatch
          until they depend on them self.
  • The male is not capable of nursing the young's from the day of hatching but most males are capable of nursing
          them only when they are around the fledgling age​ or may be few days younger than that. 

  Q-13
        What should you do if a canary female does not feed her youngsters or if she dies?  

  • If the canary female did not feed her young's, they will be depending on the breeder to feed them, and they must receive
  •  canary food baby formula every 2 -3 hours during the day time, regardless, if she feeds them or she does not, 
           at least she is there to keep them warm.  
  • But what if she dies !!!!! In this case, you have two options: 
      a-If possible Move the young's to another nest that has young's from different parents that have the same age hoping
          the new mother "step mother" will feed them, and make sure to help feed them to avoid excessive pressure on the
          new parent.
      b-Prepare yourself by having an incubator to keep the young's warm by receiving the temperature their body needs, at this
          time they will completely depend on you to feed them until they depend on them selves.
                                                                   "unhatched canary eggs"
  Q-24 
        Should I remove the unhatched egg from the nest, when the rest of the eggs have already hatched?

  • If only one egg did not hatch do not remove it, keep it in the nest because it will be a great advantage. That unhatched egg
          will be a barrier between the mother canary (hen) and the youngsters, when the female is laying on the young's she may
          go in a deep sleep and by putting all her body weight on the them she may smother them unintentionally, so the unhatched
          egg will not allow the hen body to go all the way down to the bottom of the nest which will allow the new hatched young's to
         move around freely and breath .

  • If more than one egg did not hatch, keep one unhatched egg with the youngsters and dispose the rest of the unhatched eggs .
  • If all the eggs have hatched you must place a fake- plastic egg (Dummy egg) made special for canaries in the nest with the youngsters, or use any unfertilized  canary egg that you kept to work for the same purpose.

        Note......, Some hens will control them selves during the mating to leave one egg (usually the last laid egg) from getting fertilized to be used as a barrier.
       (I believe it ...Do you...?)

Q-25
      Can I leave a night light in my canaries' aviary during the sleeping hours?

  • Method (1) Some breeders leave the canary aviary completely dark during the sleeping hours.

  • Method (2) Some breeders keep a night light "7.1/2 watts" in the canaries' aviary during the sleeping hours.

                I always like to compare things to the way they are in nature. In nature canaries fly, eat, and drink only during the day light  
          hours, and sleep during the night hours.

               Canaries can not see in the dark, therefore they are immobile and cannot reach food or water.  In nature just  before darkness canaries eat, drink then            prepare themselves to sleep in a comfortable and safe place.  So if your canaries are off the breeding season (molting) provide their aviary with a                             completely darkened, peaceful and quiet aviary during sleeping hours. They will become healthy and happy, as long as you provide them with enough                 food and water during the day light hours .

             During the breeding season you have no choice but to use a 7 1/2 watts light bulb for canaries breeding room size of 10ft x 10ft. 
       This will allow the female to get back to her nest in case she was away when the main light goes out. " 

Q- 26
      Can i breed one male canary with more than one female?

         There are three methods to breeding canaries, and i have experienced them first hand............

  • Method (1)...... Colony breeding, when a group of males and females placed in one cage and allowed
                                         to breed at free will.

         Throughout my experience i concluded that colony breeding method is wrong for the following reasons:

         a- It will be impossible to seperate the related and unrelated offsprings from each other, therefore causing inbreeding .
         b- Male canaries will fight most of the time over the females and territoys.
         c- When a male canary is about to mate with a female he will be disturbed"attacked" by another males who's behavors is based on jealosy to not allow  
              the mating , therefor most females will lay unfertilized eggs.
         d- Female canaries will fight over nesting material and pluck each other feathers to use it as a nesting material, eventually they cause damage to each                         other feathers and nests.
  • Method (2) Polygamous breeding, one canary male serves several females, the male will be used for fertilization only and after each  mating he will be moved to another cage with another female and so on............,

         Throughout my exprience with this method , i found it wrong for the following reasons :

     a- Some females will abandon the nest when moving the male away from their cage.( It happened in some cases ).
     b- Leaving the female to nurse the youngsters by her self will put plenty of presure causing her to get stressed.
     c- As we know the male canary helps with nursing the youngsters when they become almost ten days old, with
          out the male presence nursing the youngsters with the female will cause the youngsters to be deprived of
          nutrition having weak immune system, slow growth, and the may die.
     d- The female canary depend on the male to feed her while she incubates the eggs or sitting on the youngsters
          especially throughout the first week of the youngsters age, with out the male she may starve her self and the
          young's may die. 

  • Method (3) Monogamous breeding, one male breed with only one female .

          Throughout my experience with this method, i found it the best way to breed canaries for the following reasons :

     a- The male and female will share the task of nursing the youngsters.
     b- The female will receive feeding from the male while she set in the nest and feel secure and happy when her male
          with her during the breeding season,  and she will not become stress during nursing the youngsters.
     c- Using this method for breeding your canaries will allow each pair to have normal breeding cycles and healthy young's.

​ Q-27
     Can i provide the female canary with bath during the incubating period ?

             Canary female love to bath during the incubation period. After she takes a bath and sits back on the eggs she provides them with higher humidity,  
       keeping them supples insted of being dry, therefore aiding the embroys devolopment and assists in hatching. 

Q-28 
      Can i remove the canaries vent feathers( Feeler feathers) to increase contact during mating ?
  • Some heavy feathered canaries like the " Gloster canaries " need their vent feathers trimmed to increase contact during mating.
  • Some light feathered canaries like the " American singer " canary, do not need their vent feathers to be trimmed.
  • In any of the above situation you do not remove or trim the " Feeler feathers " .
         Feeler feathers are located at the tip of the canaries vent . These feathers are intended to aid or used as a sensor to direct the male and the female to join  
         their vent together and positioning them right for mating. 

Q-29
      At what age should i breed my canaries ? 

               In general most canaries will be ready to breed when they reach the age of one year old.
        Throughout my experience i found out that breeding canaries at in early age (one year old or less) will not be beneficial. It will be a successful Breeding   
        season when breeding canaries when they reach the age of two years to insure that they completed their maturity physically and mentally .
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    "Polygamous breeding"
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             "​Colony breeding"
Several males serves several females
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 Q-30
       Why will a female canary ignore the original nest and decided to build her nest in the seed cup or, on the bottom of the cage near by the           the cage front ?

                The sun and full spectrum light that we use in our birds aviary produce Vitamin D, this vitamin purpose is to
         maintain blood levels of calcium in the correct, normal range and to tell the body to absorb more calcium from
         food as needed .

                When the breeder place the nest in one of the cage back corners that will be the right thing to do because, its the
         canary female favorite spot and the most comfortable place for her to build her nest but, when she feel that she
         has lack of Vitamin D or calcium, she will choose to build her nest in the seed cup or on the bottom of the cage floor near by
         the cage front because, its the closest spot to the light where her body will absorb Vitamin D the most.

        So, what should i do when i experience this mater  ?
        When we mention constant lack of vitamin D and calcium in canaries that means death, if you attempt to force your
        female canary to build her nest against her will, i doubt if you can win !! To solve this problem simply move her cage to a
        different area where she will get enough sun light or near by a artificial full spectrum light if possible and she must be provided
        with vitamin D and calcium supplement asap .


  Q-31 
         At what age the canary young's can be isolated from their parents ?  

   1) When the young become 25 days old they will start picking on soft food as : boiled eggs and cooked rice but it does not
       mean they can survive on their own at this age .
   2) When the young's become 35 days old they will be able to eat a full meal of soft food and may be few types of canary
       seed but it does not mean that all of them can survive on their own at this age .
   3) When the young's become 40 days old they will be able to eat soft food and most types of canary seed, at this age they
       can be isolated from their parents but they must receive soft food as Boiled eggs,cooked rice and green at least
       4 days a week .   

      At this age the breeder must insure that all young's are able to survive on their own before and after isolating them from
      their parents because the maturity of the 40 days old young's is different from young to another.  

  Q-32 Why the young's died inside the egg's before or during the hatching due date ?
         Here is some possibility's :
  • Low humidity: will cause the egg shell to harden making it hard to the young to break out, the aviary humidity should not be less than 50% .
  • High humidity: will cause the young body to get glued in the inside walls of the egg shell therefor, it will not be able to move inside the egg freely then will die. 
  • Thick shells: The over normal thickness of an egg shells will cause the young unable to hatch, the over thickness of an egg shells caused byCalcium overdose or/and vitamin D overdose.   
  • Inbreed, If the parents are related .
  • High or low temperature .
  • Lethal gene: If both parents are dominant white. 
  • Sudden Dark: If the hen left the nest longer than the normal time, usually happened at night time while she is away from the nest when the main light turned off, due to the dark she will not be able to get back to her nest leading the young's to die before hatching.  

Q-33​  Why will a male canary eats his female eggs as soon as they are laid and what should i do to avoid this matter?
  •  Nutrition deficiency: Eggs contain many nutrition's. It is vary hard to diagnose exactly which nutrition's the male is lacking of that 
         led to him to eat the new laid eggs.  The breeder is responsible for all type of food categories that a canary must eat. 
  • Behavior: Eating eggs can become a habit especially, when enjoying the taste of an raw egg even if the canary is not lacking of
        any nutrition's.  When a canary becomes addicted to raw eggs, it will be so hard to brake his habit .  
  • lack of attention: The lack of attention received from the female will lead her male to eat the eggs. These males who behave
        within this matter are attached to their females on a high level, vary sensitive and need much attention from their females.
        When a female is focused on building a nest, lay her eggs, Incubating the eggs, or feeding the young's it deprives her attention
        from the male which will cause him to become jealous and aggressive leading him to eat the new laid eggs. 
      How to avoid this matter from happening ?
      There are many ways can be used to avoid the male from eating the eggs it depend on what the breeder believe the cause
        may be: 
  • Food: Provide all type of food categories that a canaries need to eat to avoid the male and female canary from eating their own
       eggs.
  • Second female: If the male eat the eggs because of the lack of attention he received from his female, the best way to avoid this problem is to Place a second female in the same cage with him and his previous female to keep his attention away from his previous female eggs.(2 females+ 1 male in the same cage) .
  • Moving the eggs: Normally, a female canary will lay each egg at morning time around 5:00am, each egg must be removed and placed in a safe place       with room temperature (70F) before the light goes ON while the male can not see around yet. A dummy eggs should replace the real eggs to avoid the     female abandon the nest.  When all the eggs are laid, all the dummy eggs should be moved out of the nest and all the real eggs must be placed back in   the nest at the same time, the male must be separated until all the eggs are hatched.

  Q- 34 Why will one or both parents eat their young's ?  
               The only reason i could think of that leads the parents to eat their young's or part of their body as the wings and beaks is nutrition's deficiency                           mostly, protein or/and calcium or/and vitamin D. Boiled eggs must be provided ASAP .   

        At which month of the year i should breed my canaries? 

  (1) Lighting is very important for the canary's need, and they are very sensitive to it as well.
  (2) The amount of light that canaries receive will control their sleep, rest, molting, and breeding time.
  (3) Light entering a canary's eyes affects the testosterone hormones in their body, and the brain area that is responsible for singing . The more hours of light         they receive, the more their hormones are increased.

      How many hours of a light my canaries should receive now!!! and how do i know, when to breed them and when they are ready to molt ?

  In nature, Lights changes over the course of each year, the length of the day light will change from day to another, from month to another, from year to             another, from state to another and from country to another country.

  For example: If your canaries and your friend canaries both are depending on the natural sunlight and each one of you live in a different country, it does not                          mean that your canaries and his will breed and molt at the same time.
 For example: In July/1/2011 The length of the day light in city-Louisville, state- ky, country-USA was 14h &42m (breeding season).
                       In April/1/2011 The length of the day light in city- Amman, state-Jordan, country-Middle east was 14h & 41m (breeding season).

  If your canaries are depending on the Natural sunlight, they will be in breeding condition when the length of the day light in your area reaches almost the         longest hours of a day light (14 to 15 hours of a day light) and they will start molting when the length of the day light reaches almost 9 hours and 30 minutes.

  If your canaries are depending on artificial light, You must, monitor the length of the natural day light in your area for each month to match it with your               canaries lighting system (Timer) to provide them with the correct time for their breeding and molting seasons rather than that, you will experience many           breeding and molting complications. 

  How to know the length of the day light in your area ?
  Use any research way as (Google) and type: The sunrise and sunset in your (city) and (state) for each month.

​  Is there any other way i can use to monitor my canaries breeding and molting season ? 
  Yes................I believe that there is a relationship between the canary's breeding/ molting and nature.  
  • When the tree leaf color change from green color to orange/yellow/red color, this is the beginning of the molting season. When the tree leaf start falling down, this he time when canaries go through a heavy molting .
  • When the trees are coming into leaf (leafs popping out of the tree branches) prepare your self to breed your canaries. 




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Kurdish canary male bred with American singer female 
Nest built in the bottom of the
 cage near by the cage front .
183 infertilized eggs out of 546 eggs
canary youngs
inbreeding canaries
canary young produced by related parents
Born with opposite leg position ..........
colony breeding
polygamous breeding
monogamous breeding
fat canary
Belly fat................................
Male Canary vent..................................................
pairing canaries
canary pairing
splayed legs
breeding pair of canaries
canary eggs
canary care
unhatched canary eggs
my canary built a nest in the seed cup
canary young's care
40 days old canary young's
should male and female canaries be kept together after the female lay her eggs
breeding canaries
a canary female nurse her young's
canary breeding